Elijah Beeman

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Letters from his short career in the Civil War, 1861-1862 Union Army 12th Regiment, Ohio Volunteers

compiled and transcribed by Beryll (Wright) Clegg

scanned and webbified by Jan Steinman



  • Born Warren County, Ohio, October 7, 1842
  • Killed on September 22, 1862, from a rifle bullet in the breast received at the Battle of South Mountain near Antietam, Washington County, Maryland.
  • Interned at the Whiteacre graveyard 2 miles from Morrow, Ohio.

FATHER: Ariel Beeman

  • Born October 5, 1813 in Virginia (now West Virginia) near Weston.
  • Died November 25, 1882 near Morrow, Ohio.
  • Interned at the Roseburg graveyard.
  • Married September 20, 1835 in Warren County, Ohio.

MOTHER: Catharine Barrey

  • Born January 7, 1816 in New Jersey.
  • Died January 15, 1897 in Warren County, Ohio.
  • Interned at the Barrey graveyard ,3 miles N. E. of Blanchestor, Ohio

BROTHER: John Beeman

  • Born August 7, 1836

SISTER: Ann Eliza Beeman

  • Born May 17, 1839

BROTHER: Jefferson Beeman

  • Born January 24, 1845

MAY 10th 1861

(At time of transcription, the original letter was in possession of Leona (Waller) Bree.)


I arrived at Camp in Due time and have been busy helping fix our quarters and leveling harred ground . Our quarters are Better than they was at Camp Jackson. We Recd 60 Muskets Thursday evening for to practice with. I got the comfort the same day that I arrived here and it came in very good play. We have slept first rate since we came here. I was put upon guard Thursday at 8 o'clock and stood till eight the next morning. 16 out of 24 hours. The common time is 8 out of 24. The guard is regulated now so that we only have to stand 2 hours on and 4 of. We have a very pleasant Camp much more so than Camp Jackson. I don't know when I will come home. I expect to stay here 2 or 3 weeks. If I can get off I will be up to see the folks. We will get our uniforms next week. I guess we are all well and some of us are getting fat, Upon the food that we have. I tell you that ours Is some pumpkin Meat potatoes coffee and bread are the principle things that we have to eat. We have seven or eight thousand encamped about us. 20,000 thousand is the number that our camp is allowed to contain. We are not a going to get any Revolvers from the citizens. They have advanced in Price So much that it would take over $2000 to amnest our citizens with them. I am a going to keep those that I have got. You must write and let me know how the folks are and how they talk about Shawhan and the rest of the Democrats. I guess the Morrow Company Is considered about as good as any. Our Regiment Is a rifle regiment. We rather have the promise of getting rifle s. You must all write and let me know all of the news. I give my love to all the folks and to Ann.

Direct your letters
E. Beeman
Camp Dennison
Care of Capt. Wallace

May 15th/61

(At time of transcription, the original letter was in possession of Leona (Waller) Bree.)


Dear father, I recd the clothes as well as the letter you sent to me and was very glad to hear that you were all well. Our Camp is very pleasantly Situated upon the western Side of the river hemmed in by lofty hills. The Camp is large enough to accommodate 25,000 men. There is only about 8,000 in Camp at present. Each of us recd a musket apiece today for to train with. We will have rifles when we go into active service. I expect we will stay here several weeks yet. There Is more probability of us being ordered to Caro than anywhere else. Since Kentucky has decided to remain in the Union there is not So much fear of Cincinnati being attacked. A cannon came up on the cars from Cincinnati yesterday. They was a practicing with It. I expect you heard them firing. I was very glad to get my clothes and writing utensils. We get along, pretty well down here much better than we did at Camp Jackson. We have our quarters assigned to us here. I and John Kelly are pardners in most everything. He got his trunk from home the other day and we put our things together. We have Volunteered for three months. I expect we will be requested to stay 3 years or to the end of the War. When our time is out I expect some of the boys will get enough of It at the end of 3 months. There is some talk of about 50 ladies coming down here tomorrow. The best time for you folks to come down would be about friday week. When you write tell me if Ethels folks are well. We expect to get our Uniforms next week. They say we are learning pretty fast. Well I shall bring my letter to a close hoping that you are all well. I will try and come home if I can get off. I sent my Sachel and shirt home.

Direct your letters to
Elijah Beeman
12th Regt. Camp Dennison

May 29th 1861

(At time of transcription, the original letter was in possession of Maxine (Beeman) Snyder.)

Dear Father. I recd your letter a few minutes ago Stating that you were all well except your self. I an sorry to know that you are troubled by me volunteering for three years. I would have come home sooner but our company could not leave all at once. I have The promise of getting to go home for 5 or 6 days. I thought I would wait till I got my uniform before I come home. Captain Went up to town yesterday to fill up the Company and We have to wait till he comes back before we can have our Election. Those that went home went on conditions. I was unconditional. Therefore I will have longer to stay at home. I expect. We will be sent to Western Virginia in less than three weeks. Give my love to all, Hope you will forgive the delay That has been keeping me back.

Your affectionate Son
E. Beeman

I am In a hurry for the mail goes up pretty Soon. I will be up between now and Sunday Maybe in The Morning. Never fear ever thing for the best.

July 29th /61

(At time of transcription, the original letter was in possession of Edna (Paige) Wright.)

Camp Flat Top

Dear Sister

Once more I seat myself to write you a fiew lines hopeing that by the time they arrive at home -- you will be fully recovered. I am sorry to hear that you are sick but hope that God in his mercy will Restore your health. Dear Sister these are dark times but let us hope for brighter days to come. The darkest hours are often before the dawn of day then that day is more brighter by the preceeding darkness. Yes our beloved Country is shaken to its very center, adverse winds meet in terable conflict subside. and nothing is left but the still small voices that whispered desolation.

While the conflict is going on we witness at a distance. The wind that blows the most good. It is our duty -- yes our only hope, to favor the better of the two that it may be triumphant in the end. We are having some very beautiful weather with Breeze enough to make it pleasant during the day. and comfortable at night. There is some talk of us leaving camp but I guess that is all that it amounts to. Our Regt. is very healthy but one man has died since we left Charleston (over two months) Ann, I heard that Rebecca Shawhan was married, isit so. I would like to see the folks and have a little talk but I do not know when I will have the opportunity. write soon. Give my love to all inquireing friends. Remember me to uncle and aunt. write when you can tell me all the news and oblige your loving Brother Lige

To All that may read
Good bye

Sept 3rd 1861

(At time of transcription, the original letter was in possession of Leona (Waller) Bree.)

In camp at Bulltown
S. of W. Va.
40 or 50 miles

Dear Parents,

I Recd your letter of the 28th and was very glad to hear from you although the letter was Short. We now are encamped Between 40 and 50 miles South West of Weston. We have got Marching orders To meet Gen. Lee We have done some very hard Marching Since I wrote last. Our camp is Situate upon the Little Kanawha River Just where the Road crosses the River. I Expect you have Walked over the ground where we are encamped. I made a mistake in saying 40 or 50 miles I should have said 25. I am well at present and Enjoy my Self as Would. The country is very rough But Beautiful. I expect We will get sight of the Rebbles Shortly. They have quit letting soldiers and Co. officers know where they are going to March for some of them haven't sense enough to keep anything. Consequently the Enemy would find out our Intention. I think it the Best Way. I wrote a letter sometime ago to Sister Ann. But I think from the tone of your letter you hadn't got it yet at the time. I got the Chothes that you sent to me Which came in very good Play. We get along very well with the Grub that we get at least it is good Enough for me. I should Like Very Much to give you a Discription of the Country Circumstances But haven't a very good chance to write. Excuse all Mistakes. We expect to get paid Soon But Don't know When. If I have an opportunity I will send Some of my money home. We now have a very good stock of ammunition 6 or 7000 Rounds for ourCompany Which Weighs 6 or 700 lbs. Well I shall have to bring my letter to a close hoping that we may all Meet again. We have orders to Move at one o'clock. Write again and let me know how you all are. Uncles folks included. Let Uncle see this. It is intended for all.

Good Bye God Bless you all Write soon
Elijah Beeman

Co A Parkersburgh Va
12th Regt 0 V
Your son,
E. B.

Oct. 8th 1861

Camp Code

I Recd your very welcome letter sometime 3 or 4 days ago & got one from the folks yesterday. I was glad to hear that you were all well. I would have written sooner. But I have been cooking for a week past and could not get time. We now are within eleven miles of Gauley Bridge camped in a kind of a Bason formed by the junction of the different Ranges of hills. It would be a very Pleasant Place if it Didn't rain so much. We have passed through within two weeks past a country abounding in the most beautiful scenery that I ever beheld. We lack only 10 or eleven miles of having made a circular march of 500 miles mostly over very rough country. Well, Ann, yesterday I was 19. It rained all day and I had to cook for 14 men all that we are in our mess. I made coffee Boiled and I made mutton soup thickened it with rice. I will give you the names of the men belonging to our mess. James Phillips I. C. Keever John Kelly Will Shields John Trovillo, Jack Hester Jacob Smith, Christian N. Smith sick, Wm Downs, John J. Skinner sick. Clark Howard sick Elias Whiteacre (sick) James Watkins unwell. Eden Whiteacre, John Howard John Long, Mike Long (both sick) Wm A. Mirander and My Self. I am as hearty as I ever was. It is useless for a man of a weak Constitution to undertake to soldier in Western Virginia. The 12th Regt. has went through a good many hardships since it left Camp Dennison. It has been in two Battles while the other Regts haven't seen a Battle not more than one a farthest C. N. Smith is very sick with the fever. I feel Thankful to say that I am well. There is only about 350 men able for Duty in the 12th. When they left camp Dennison there was no able men including Officers. Most all other Regts. have their full amount. We just recd our winter clothes the other day. consisting of over coat Blanket, shoes, pants, Dwarers, socks blouce or wamas, caps and shirts which come very comfortable. I had a pretty good swim the other Day. The Eleventh of Sept. the Day after the Battle.

Our company went to the ferry to see how things looked where the enemy had crossed. The Adjutant Gen. called for volunteers to try the Depth of the River. I and another boy in our company halled off our Duds and pitched in. found it was not fordable. we came back and Dressed up. When we heard that some of Col. Wylons men who were taken Prisoners by the south were in an old house about 200 yards from the oposite side of the River. Corp. Dingly and I from Co F got upon a raft went across the River. We left our guns behind us. the boys rowed the raft Behind us the boys rowed the raft and I went for the men the raft had taken over before and returned when we was fired upon by some 8 or 10 of the enemy who were hid in the bushes. The Bullets missed pretty smart about my head. The other two ran for the Bushes. I broke Down the River got Behind a rock took off my clothes prepared to take a swim. It was so swift that I was not afraid to undertake as I was entirely covered. I had to go Down the River a mile or so to get to a suitable place for to take a swim. I was in no danger of being shot by the enemy or our men either. I took my Blouse hat, pants, shirt, Blanket, shoes and cartrage Box. I sunk them in the River to keep the Secesh from getting them. All that I had saved was my Revolver and Bayonet which were upon my waist Belt. I was striped for about 2 hours.

I wrote a letter to Uncle Ethel the other Day.

NOV 6th 1861

(At time of transcription, the original letter was in possession of Maxine (Beeman) Snyder.)


Dear Parents

I Recd your very Welcome letter of the 25th. The same time that I got the clothes that you had the kindness to send to me. Which came very acceptable. I got everything But the Boots Which Would have Been worth more to me than twice their price. There was Some 3 Or 4 pair taken from the Box while It laid upon the Warf Boat at Gallipolis. I am glad to hear that you are all well and I am thankful that I can say the Same Nothing of Importance has transpired lately But our March from Hawkins Nest to our Present Camp 7 miles below Gauley Bridge. We have Been a Scouting for two Days past. It is very Muddy Weather. The Roads are half knee Deep With the above mentioned article. We have Just Recd a nice lot of Steel Rifle Cannon to wile away the Dreary hours of A Stormy Autumn. There is a lot of clothes here this morning for the 12th Regt. But they have not Been Distributed yet. I have Been Waiting for some time for an answer to the Letter that I wrote to Uncle Ethel Sometime ago . It is a Blustery Rainy morning and I have Nothing to Do But to Stay in our tent. I suppose you hear various Rumors in Regard to the 12th a wintering In Camp Dennison. I guess we will not see Camp Dennison for Sometime yet. I would like to See the folks very Well . I don't think you would hardly know me If I would step in unannounced. I am getting Broader and heavier Proportioned consequently I look a little More Like The Old Sir. It Seams as though they intend to make it a Political War, if they do I am in. I think I will apply for a furlough this Winter if there will Be any chance for me to get one. The officers can go home Why not the Privates. The soldiers are Wronged Shamefuly they commission Green Boys at home and send them out here to Command Soldiers who have Went Through hardships from Storms and Exposure (and have learn ed the Best lessons) Lessons of Experience taking the Rights away from the only Deserving class, Who have Laid aside their occupations left their homes and friends for their Beloved Country. It is too provoking to think of our Rights Being trampled under foot. We had plenty of men in our Company capable to fill the office of 2 Lieut. But they sent one from the Rail Road. Clements Nephew. The U S Army will never have Success worth Noteing till Experience and worthiness is considered rather than Riches and Influence. Excuse poor writing give my love to all enquiring friends to Aunt Sarah Mother Aunt Polly Sister Mother Brothers and all.

Your Son as Ever
Elijah Beeman

Direct to Elijah Beeman
Co A 12th Regt O V

Nov. 21 1861

(At time of transcription, the original letter was in possession of Edna (Paige) Wright.)


Dear Sister

I Recd your very welcome Letter and also one from father. I was glad to hear that you were all well and enjoying the Blessings of kind Providence. I could have written sooner but we had just returned from a very hard and tedious March in persuit of Gen Floid & his followers. We pursued him so closely that he was obliged to burn a great amount of camp equipage to keep it from falling in to our hands. We found a good amount of ammunition that they had hid in Houses along the route. Gen Roseranes the Rebbles came and fire into gauley for to catch them in a trap. I had everything placed well But he did no t execute quick enough. the fault that has kept success from us for so long. Old Jim Renham is the best ever in this Division. he has as good a Regt as there is in evidence as Virginia Commanded by Cols White Smith & Lytle . Well now I think we will winter in Camp Dennison at least it is the oppinion of the best in informed men of these parts. Most of the boys are well. I still have very good health. I am so fat that they call me bony . I think I will come home this winter. You said that Rebecca Drake was about to be married. I wish her much Joy. How is Jo getting along give him my best wishes. How are the girles agetting along anymore of them going to get married. If they are just tell them they will fool their selve by so doing. how is Uncle Ethel amaking it pay I expect it is hard for the farmers to make a living at present. While the contractors are getting rich If the girls ask anything about me tell them I will be at home this winter if I live and have good luck. Our present camp is situated 7 or 8 miles below Gauley Bridge surrounded by rugged clifts such as I have spoke of before. Nothing of importance has transpired very lately. O yes as you did not tell me who that was that came to see you since I left. I wonder if I am acquainted with her. I think if I can come home we must have a visit together. When you write tell me all of the news and how all of the neighbors are. I give my love to Aunt Polly Shawham Aunt Sarah and all of the folks. I hope that peace may again bless the land. I pray that we may all meet again and enjoy the blessings of kind Providence will still protect and guard over me. from your affectionate Brother Lige

give my love to John Jeff mother father and all
Good bye

DEC. 21st 1861

(At time of transcription, the original letter was in possession of Marguerite (Beeman) Jehle.)


Dear Father,

As Ed Grim has been Delayed in getting off I concluded to write a few lines to let you know how I am. I have Been rather unwell for several Days but I hope to be better soon. Most of the boys are well. Lige Wagoner arrived here today. He said the folks are well. I had hoped to have missed my Winter sickness. Acquired I suppose from having a foul Stomach. I intend to go to town tomorrow if I am able to try and get Some Simple Medacine. I have went to see the Regimental Doctor twist. The first time he gave me about a handful of Powders which I Burned up when I got to the quarters. This morning he gave me a lot of Pills. I took one just for curiousity. I notice the Blue Mass. pills were prominent. I think I will be at home this Winter if nothing is done in the Valley before Spring. Give my love to all of the friends. News came the other night that England was a going to interfere in our affairs, but we have since heard news to the contrary. I shall have to bring my letter to a close. Write soon. So Good Bye

Your Son as
Ever Lige

DEC 31, 1861

(At time of transcription, the original letter was in possession of Leona (Waller) Bree.)


Dear Father,

I seat myself to write you a few Lines in answer to your very welcome letter of the 26th. l have been Pretty Sick with Jaundice but am a g reat Deal Better now. I think I will go to the Co in a few days. I have been in the hospi tal ever since the 24th and recd first rate care. The Doctor gave me Blue Mass Pills Enough to kill a horse and Powders of nearly Pure Mercury. He said that the Liver kneeded stirring up, but I would not take his Pills. I thought If he wanted to stir up my liver he might Do So with a stick. I am going to the Druggist this afternoon to see if I can't get some Extract of Dandoline. I can' t tell when I will get to come home. I would like to come now But I can't get a furlough. I think that I will come before spring if I should get sick again I will try my best to get one. The men were mustered today. I shouldn't wonder if we would be payed pretty soon again if we are I want to send home all that I can spare for we have so many chances to spend money. I have spent more since I have Been a soldiering than I intend to do again in the same length of time. The Hospital is in a very pleasant Place near the river. Just in the upper part of town. The Negroes are the biggest Nuisance. The Wenches strut about worse than Peacocks in harvest and try to attract the attention of Passers by. I think there is about two colored inhabitants to one of White. Times are very brisk in Charleston now. Boats arrive and Depart almost every day. The Papers seem to think that England is agoing to come against us. We are not in very good circumstances to contend with a foreign power. But if she wants to whip us let her flicker. I am glad to hear that all of the folks are well. have got along very well since I have Been sick. John Kelly is as kind as a Mother. I think I will go to Camp in a Day or two. Tell Uncle to write for I would like to hear from him, so well. Give my love to all of the folks. Mother and all of the Rest, tell Mother that the Legs that she Laugh so much about have Done me good Service Since I have Been in Virginia. My Love to Uncle and Aunt and Children and all. With the hope that we may meet Soon. Write soon. So good Bye.

Your affectionate
son Lige

Tell me where to direct Letters I want to write to Aunt Phebe.

JAN 6th 1862

(At time of transcription, the original letter was in possession of Juanita (Beeman) Scott.)


Dear Father

I recd your very welcome Letter of the 1st and was glad to hear that you were all well. I am about well now although I have got a very Bad cold. Owen McGinnis gave me the Tincture Lobelia that you sent. When I was in the hospital I went to town and Bought 25cts worth of the Extract of Dandeline which done me more good than anything Else. I recd a Letter from Jeff. I will answer It the first time that I get. Wm Shields will be at home in a week or two. 5 goes home this week from our Co. We all Drawed, Bill was one of the lucky 5. John Kelly and I have put up a small tent to Our Selves we can Live mighty nice this winter if we don't have to move. Nothing of importance has happened Since I wrote Last. I am sorry to hear of Cousin Laury's death. I would Like to See Aunt Phebe's folks very well. I Still think that I will get to come home before Spring if I have good Luck. We have a good Deal of Rainy and wet weather at present. It rained yesterday and Last night Pretty Smart. I give my Love to all of the folks and friends

Your Son as ever Lige
to Ariel Beeman

P S Write Soon Give my Love to Aunt Sarah Uncle Ethels and the children
So Good Bye

Direct to Elijah Beeman
Co A 12th Regt O V's
Charleston Va.

JAN 8th 1862

(At time of transcription, the original letter was in possession of Viola (Beeman) Waite.)


Dear Brother

I undertake this Pleasant morning to answer your very welcome letter which I recd from you sometime ago . I am well again and am happy to hear that you are the same. John Kelly and I have put up a Small tent for Our Selves we have it fixed very comfortable and with those two comfortes that we got from home we can Keep Pretty well. I am glad to hear that you are going to School. You soon will be 17. What do you think about the girls anyhow. I am afraid Beeman will have to keep his youngest son from going to see the Boy that helped Press our Hay. Well Jeff Our Regts have got new guns imported from Prushia they are 69/100 of inch calibre. They carry a minnie ball which weighs about 1 1/2 ozs. Their Longest Ranges is 1000 yds. They are what you might call Sholder Cannon. There has been a Battery of 4 or 5 Peaces attached to the 12th Regt. I think we have one of the Best Colonels that Ever was in Western Virginia he was Captain in the Mexican War and was present at The hard fought Battles of that Campain. I don't Believe that he has an Enemy in his Regt. Well Jeff I don't know when I will get to come home. Ever thing is So uncertain. Will Shields has got his furlough he is one of five that goes home out of our company this week. All of the Numbers But five are Blanks. If I should be one of the Lucky 5 that gets to come next week I will write and Let you know. John Kelly and I talk of going to town tomorrow and get our pictures taken. You did not tell me who Was teaching this winter. O Yes Jeff, Whighting 's Brother was killed at the Battle of Crosslanes Last August. Perhaps you heard of the 7th Regt. O V Being Surrounded By fluid forces and a good many of them Being taken Prisoners. One Company of the 7th was from Oberlin Ohio. Ed Grim has not got Back yet although his time was up two or three days ago. You wrote about Jacob Smith being So Sick I hope he is better By this time. Jake was a first rate Soldier but he never was So hearty after he had the Measles. Neather was John Skinner Who at first was one of the Stoutest Boys in the Company. Have you heard anything from Isaac Buttler

JAN 11th 1862

(At time of transcription, the original letter was in possession of Carol (Beeman) Adams.)


Dear Father

I recd your welcome letter, as well as the medacine that you sent by Ed Grim. I was glad to hear that you were all Well. father I am about well with the exception of a very bad cold. The Receipt of the medacine came very acceptable. The Weather here is cloudy with an occasional Shower of Rain Bill Shields started home the ninth inst. Well father I Don't Know When I can come home. I hope I will get to This winter though, I'm glad to hear that you sold your Pork. I should think that It would have Been a better Price. The Soldiers are death on Meat. How does The wheat Look This winter. I am athinking that we will hear Pre tty soon of the Downfall of Charleston It would be a severe Punnishment of those who first agitate the question of Rebelion. Things Begin to Look more Prosperos here lately. I wonder what Truman Holmes Thinks of The Present Crisis. What has become of Dr. Cooper. Has Bell got well yet Martha Holmes Married Rebecca Drake Married Bully for them. None left for me. Well I guess I can live at home when the war is over I want you to tell Uncle to write

Give my Love to all Your Son
as ever Lige
To Ariel Bee man
Write soon so good Bye
Excuse haste

JAN 27 1862

(At time of transcription, the original letter was in possession of Leona (Waller) Bree.)


Dear Brother

I recd your very welcome Letter the 25th But have not had time to write any sooner. Yesterday was the first pleasant Sunday that we have had since we have Been in this Camp. The news of Galicuffers Defeat was gladly recd By the Boys. If all the reports are true it will be a Pretty smart of a loss for Seceshdom it is among one of the first Instances of the Rebles attacking us. Will Shields has not arrived yet although his time was up two or three days ago. This is another Beautiful morning it looks pretty smart Like Spring. Jim Shafer arrived here Last night he said the boys would be up today. Well Brother as regards Hardee I am not perfect yet. But if England should undertake to whip the United States, I would object to it. Hardee has not helped me much yet and I don't know whether he will or not. But it is well enough to know something of the Gaeties. There is something more than human acts that Presides over Battles, That Strengthens the weak and overthrows the Strong. Well Jeff you talk as though the girles were afraid that I would Lose one of my Legs and they have concluded to have you and be shure of getting a fellow that has Legs and arms to all creation. I am glad to hear that Uncle. Ethels' folks are well. But I am sorry to say that I can't tell you when I will Be at home our Co has drawed again But I was not one of the Lucky boys. O yes Jeff you never told me what girles of my acquaintance have Beaux Whether they ever ask about me or not. All such things amuse me Especially when it is Her. Well Jeff if I was at home now and you and John hadn't anything to do I think the Poor Rabbits would have to get up and dust. What has become of Trip and Maud O yes and of Bash Charley and all of the horses. When I remember the surroundings of home I often wonder Whether things are as they used to Be It seams to me that I would act kind of green if I was to undertake to ride on horse back or hitch up to haul Wood or Such Like. I have Just Been out and shot off my gun, It shoots a conical Bull hollow at the Base of one 1.00 weight. Marked to carry 1000 yds. But a person can't Shoot to much Certainty that Distance. Well Jeff, Soldiering is Pretty hard Business about as I expected to find it and I am thankful to say that I had very good health till we came to this Camp. I at first had the Jaundice. I came out of the Hospital too soon and I caught a very Bad cold which I am afraid has settled upon my Lungs. It makes me cough a good Deal at nights. James Ireland and I have got a bottle of German Bitters. I feel some Better today. The Bitters are the Best medacine that I can get. Now Jeff I want you to write and tell me all about the general affairs of the vicinity.

My Love to all. Receive my Best wishes. So Good Bye Excuse poor writing.

From Your Brother as ever

Jan 29 62

(At time of transcription, the original letter was in possession of Edna (Paige) Wright.)

Camp Warren

Dear Sister

I have Looked for a Letter from you for some time But as I have not Recd any I intend to write again. I suppose you have seen Will Shields Since he came home if you have he has told you how we Draw for furlough. Our Co has Drawed again But I was not Lucky enough to get one. Well Ann I would feel pretty well if it was not for my cough which bothers me pretty smart During the nights. Well Jeff is 17 to day. if I was at home I take him down just for fun though I don't feel much like a man at present. Sister I think if you was to see Lige you would not know him. Think you would. We have had pretty wet weather for some time past. The river has been very high. But is falling very fast now. John Kelly and I got our minatures taken they were Both put in one case Will Shields took them to Kellys when he went home. John and I have got a small tent to our selves. which makes it More pleasant. I gave Bill Shields a small knife to give to Jeff. The scabard was worn out so I could not carry it very well. has he got it we would have pretty good times if it was not for standing guard watch we have to do Two or three Days out of a week. Ann is your sore throat any Better I have not heard from you for some time I would like to know. Well Sister I would like to come home very well But I don't know when I will get to. Sister give my love to all of the folks accept of a portion yourself and Live in Hope. My love to Uncle's folks.

Write soon and oblige your Brother in truth

So Good Bye all
Co A 12th Regt O V

Feb 2 1862

(At time of transcription, the original letter was in possession of Edna (Paige) Wright.)

Camp Warren Va

Dear Sister

I Recd your very welcome Letter this morning I was glad to hear that you were all well This is the first Pleasant morning that we have had for some time. The sun shines very bright and Beautiful this Sabbath morning. Some of our Regt have went out upon a Scout They started early. some of Jenkins cavalry has Been seen. I was talking with Will Shields he said that he went along the road past our house and promised to come there in a day or so But it rained so hard that he could not get to. I am well now with exception of a slight cold. Well Sister I don't know when I will get to come home. How did you hear that I got the mittens It is the truth all such mittens as them are always acceptable now sister be of good cheer. If I don't get to come home this Winter I shall continue to write from time to time and I want you to do the same. It always does me a Great Deal of good to hear from the only sister that I have How do you en joy yourself Ann. I long to be at home & enjoy a fireside talk once more I suppose the girles and other friends of my acquaintance have almost ceased to think of me. Well Ann I want you to tell Mrs. Shawhan & the rest of the Kind neighbors that I hope to be at home soon and have a good talk with them all. I have a Natural liking for elder Ladies like most all other children. Ann do you ever go out Riding any more. I think if I come home you must take a ride with your soldier Brother. I am thankful that I have a Sister to Love and Protect tell me if you got that Ring that I sent you some two months ago if not I will make another if I can get the Materials. Have you heard anything from Iowa lately. I have Been thinking of writing to Aunt Phebe for some time But have not Done so yet. John Kelly and I had our likness taken. But I was as yellow as a pumpkin at the time his was a very good picture. Well Sister I will bring my writing to a close Hoping that the same Kind Providence that has Kept me from harm may guard you all from harm from day to day Write Soon to a loving Brother give my Love to all of the folks and friends.

Your Brother as ever
Co A 12th Regt O V

Tell me whither you have got my coat & vest I shall want to wear them if I come home.

FEB 10 1862

(At time of transcription, the original letter was in possession of Carol (Beeman) Adams.)


Dear Father

I would have wrote sooner But I have been waiting to see if I would be Lucky enough to get a furlough. But as it is I did not. I feel thankful to say that I have fully Recovered. I begin to feel Mor Like myself again I don't know wither I write to you about John and I having Our likeness taking a few. I was Rather Yellow at the time so you see it was not as natural as might Be expected. This has Been a very beautiful Day. The Sun shone Brightly and it's warm and Genial ways reminded me of Home. The capture of Fort Henry Has Been confirmed. I am glad to Hear that you are all well Hothing of importance has happened in this vicinity all Quiet on the Kanawha. Father I hope you will excuse Poor writing and Haste for I have to go on ??????? in the morning and it is getting Pretty Late Give My Love to all

I Remain your ever grateful Son

Tell Jeff I will answer his letter when I get time I shall close By wishing you all good Night My Love to Uncle Ethel's folks

Write when convenient
Direct to
Co A 12th Regt O V's

I will try to write plainer next time. A poor pen is an awful Bore.

Feb. 14, 1862

(At time of transcription, the original letter was in possession of June (Beeman) Whitson.)

Camp Warren, Va.

Dear Brother Jeff

I rec'd your very welcome letter of the 5th and was glad to hear that you were all well. So I would have answered it sooner, But as I had Just wrote several letters home I thought it was not worth while. Nothing of importance has happened since I wrote to you last. The same regular routine of camp life. Yesterday was about as pleasant as any that we have had this winter, but it set in raining last night, and is quite blustery this morning. The Boys are getting to be very mischievous. They are able to master their rations very handy.

Our Recent victorys in Tennessee and at Roanoke Island have been confirmed. So you see victory seams to be on our side here of, ???????, I don't pretend to say that the union army is perfect. That honor flows in every department. But I say this, that I believe it is nearer right ??????? then the Reble army. I had quite a talk with a secesh woman when I was upon picket the other day, and I think less of the Rebble cause now than ever. She said that the north had got to be more numerous than the south, so they could elect the President whenever a President was to be elected, and the southern men could not bear to have a President from the north. What a selfish people they must be. Nearly all of the Presidents since this has been a Republic were from the South. So you see that the moment they Rebelled they violated the Constitution, By not living up to the laws made by their confederates.

Brother you wouldn't believe how ignorant the common people are in Virginia. Not more than one in ten among the mountains can read. So you see they think that what their leaders say is true. They never hear but one side of Politics _ never see them presented but in a selfish way. Where their wrongs, if they have any, are deeply engraved, and our present interference with their local institutions are magnified, Schooling the minds of the Populace to consider the acts of their Leaders Justafiable without Regard to right or wrong.

Brother it is interesting to hear of the common things at home. I would like to see John's horse which you wrote about first rate. I wonder if Bash would know me if I was to come home, which I Believe I would tenfold rather favor than to soldier. I am glad to hear that you got along so well studying grammar. You have such chances to improve that you will be a way ahead of your Brother Lige. I am glad to hear that you don't run about much, for it is a very Bad habit to get into. Never yeald to temptation Brother _ always try to do your duty. If you ever should get into bad company, Be Reserved, never forsake our principle of virtue to please those Persons in whose company you are.

Well, enough of this needless counsel. Yes, I am glad to hear that Mother found the calf that she said I let out of the field. Ask her if she won't give it to me if I were to get home. If I keep a Bachelors Hall I will need one cow at least. Well, Jeff this sheet is full and I'm not done yet

Feb 21 1862

(At time of transcription, the original letter was in possession of Edna (Paige) Wright.)

Camp, Warren, Va

Dear Sister

I recd your very welcome Letter this Morning I was glad to hear that your throat is Better than it was when I left home. Those things that you sent to me by Jo. Gudlum came through safe and were gladly received you may be shure. Well Ann what do you think of the least likness of mine. It is rather dark on the account of my haveing the jaundice at the time. I believe you have the one that I had taken the day that I left. Have you seen Nunt since she joined church. I hope she will not be angry with you on account of your Brother. Well Ann I think the war will be over by next fall if our troops still continue to be victorious if it is and I am to live I shouldn't wonder if you would see Lige a breaking for Mr. Beemans on double quick time. Well you have improved very fast in writing here of late. I'm always c glad to get a letter from you. I guess you get two or three Letters from me every week in fact I wrote so many letters home that I am almost at a loss to know what to write.

I got a Letter from father the other day. I will answer it when anything happens worth writing about. That beaf that you sent me is the best that I have tasted since I left home. Sister please excuse me for not writing more give my Love to all of the Friends

Your Brother as ever
E Beeman
To Ann E Beeman
Morrow Ohio

March 15, 1862

(At time of transcription, the original letter was in possession of June (Beeman) Whitson.)

Camp Warren, Va.

Dear Brother

Once more I take my pen in hand to write a few lines to you. I am thankful to Say that I have Been Blessed with good health Ever since I wrote to you last. I wrote Cousin Cecilia a letter yesterday. I was glad to hear from her and Family. I am sorry to hear that you are unwell again. I hope you will Recover soon. This has been a very warm day, with plenty of rain, which makes the vegetation begin to revive. How glad I will be to see nature put on her coat of loveliness again that I might enhale the sweet fragrance of her many flowers. Jeff, I often think of the vanities of this world, when the Bright and happy Heaven with its Everlasting Glory is open to my vision then I see more clearly the Besetting sins of this life. Then I see more clearly the mercy of the omnipotent Power who has spaired our lives so far. Who has kept us unharmed through the many tribulations while others as good by nature as ourselves have Been swept from the Earth and are only known as among the Departed. Dear Brother let us try and live Justly Praying that we may be Kept from temptation so that We can have a hope of Eternal Happyness Beyond this world of sorrow. The thoughts of peaceful Days spent at Home around the family fireside, when the evil Pashions of the Human nature vanish before the love that we have for Each Other. All of these are pleasant Rememberances of Bygone days. But how much more infinite are the Blessings of the incomprehensable.

Well Jeff there is not much News in camp. I expect We will leave here when the Weather becomes Suitable for us to march. As I have nothing of importance to write I will Bring my letter to a close by wishing you all good night -- Give my Love to all

I Remain your Brother
as Ever E Beeman

Good night -- Write when convenient.

April 26, 62

(At time of transcription, the original letter was in possession of Edna (Paige) Wright.)

Camp Warren, Va.

Dear Sister

It is with pleasure that I undertake to answer your welcome Letter which I recd a fiew days ago. We are still in camp with no signs of leaving very soon. The people in and around Charleston have sent in a petition to the affect that if any Regiment was to be stationed here that it might be the 12th. I shouldn't think that would make any difference with Fremont. But perhaps it May. It has rained five days out of six in fact this is the first pleasant day that we have had for some time. The trees are coming out in leaf very fast. I suppose vegitation here is two weeks farther advanced than in Ohio. Well Ann, what happy thoughts pass through my mind when I think of the Blessings of peace when families are united. Truly we know not the horrors of war till peace has fled. I am happy to say that my health still continues very good. The boys say that I am fater than they ever saw me before. I got a letter from cousin Leona, Ann, the other day She said that the folks are all well. There has nothing of importance hapened worth relating we have preaching every Sunday. there is not more than 20 or so that attend. in the Regt. Well, Ann I suppose you will have some nice flowers this spring. I expect I think more of pretty flowers than I do of the girles. Don't you think so Ann. I have Been mending my pants to day. I am some pumpkin on a mend you had better believe Well Ann give my love to all of the friends let us hope for better days to come. trust in God who directs all things in heaven and on earth. Dear Sister please excuse me for not writing more. My love to father mother Aunt Polly Shawhan and all of Uncle Ethels folks write when convenient and oblige your ever loving Brother.

May God bless you all
good night
To Ann

MARCH 28, 1862

(At time of transcription, the original letter was in possession of Bruce Gibson.)


Dear Brother,

I Recd Your very welcome letter of the 23rd and was glad to hear from you and to hear that the folks were all well. There has nothing of importance transpired Since I wrote to you last. This is a beautiful morning and Everthing seams peaceful and happy about camp. The music of the Band as they play at guard mounting, Sounds Joyful and it floats through the valley, and is Re echoed as it assends the adjacent Clifts. I am glad to hear of Mr Shawhan's improving health and hope he will Be well Soon. I Recd a paper of the 18th Yesterday. I sent John a Patrole (?) Some time ago. O yes I sent a phrenogical chart to father with a discription of my Block head given by Mr. James. I wrote a letter to Cousin Cecilia Sometime ago But have not got an answer yet. When I first Read about the Stove wood that you had Reference to I could not think where you ment but I presume you ment near Mr. Baley's does he still live there yet. I like to hear how you are progressing with the farm. It is more interesting to me than you suppose. Can father still Raise those yearly Payments? After I Settle up for the clothing that I have Recd of Uncle Sam I will Endever to send more Money home than I have done heretofore. Tell Mother that I have drawed more clothes than any other Boy in the Company. I lost a suit when I went swimming the day after the Battle of Carnifex. For which I presume I will not have to pay for, if not the clothing Bill will be pretty moderate. Well Jeff vegetation Begins to look in a growing condition which Indicates the approach of warm weather. I do not know how soon we will leave the camp. Perhaps when The Roads get passable. 2 weeks more I shouldent wonder if you would hear of Newbern Upon the Tenn and Virginia R. R. Being invested. I believe there has been more wet weather here than I ever seen. I suppose though it has Been about as Bad in Ohio. Well Our army Still continues to move and generally with success. I hope to see most of the fighting over By next fall at the furtherest and It Shurely will if our Arms are crowned with victory as they have been these fiew months Past. I don't think there is any danger of the Rebels a getting this Valley Back. They would have to get Gauley first which is a Young Gibralter with nearly enough Parott guns mounted to Shake Loose the Surrounding Clifts. Well Jeff most all of the Boys are in good health myself Encluded. Well Brother, we have a very good Chaplain. I believe he is an Old School Presbyterian and a true Christain. The Christains, Members of different Churches through out the Regiment have Organised a Church. Before which by the Grace of our Lord Jesus I hope to Be Enabled to confess my Sins and by his helping hand be upheld through Life and through his grace and Mercy Be Saved in the End. Dear Brother I have Been in the Midst of death and seen others as good By nature as myself Swept from Earth By violence and By disease and found his Presence a great consolation. None can be truly Brave without a hope Beyond this Life that fadeth not away. Brother give my love to all Enquiring friends all the folks Encluded. Pray for your Brother who is in the Service of his country. Let us hope for happy days to come and pray Least we Be led into temptation. Remember me to all of the friends.

I Remain your Brother as Ever
Elijah Beeman
To Jeff

APRIL 29, 1862

(At time of transcription, the original letter was in possession of Leona (Waller) Bree.)


Dear Parents,

Once more I seat myself to write you a few lines. Our Regt. is going to leave Here this week. Perhapse I will not have another opportunity writing for sometime to come. I am thankful to say that God still continues to Bless me with good Health (I weigh 190 lbs.) 10 of our Company are going to leave upon special Business in the Morning of whom I am one. Gen. Freemont is going to make a forward Movement or more properly is making one. Most of the boys are well and in good spirits. Now Father when you hear of our Division being engaged if you Should. Remember that God doeth all things Well by the Grace of God I am Enabled to say that I have a hope of a Home in Heaven. Where War is not. Dear Father and Mother Give my love to all of the Relatives and friends.

I remain
Your loving and grateful Son
Elijah Good Night
God Bless you All.

P. S. Direct your letters the same as here afore. Please excuse poor writing for my pen is so sharp that it outs the Paper. Ten at Night.

MAY 26th

(At time of transcription, the original letter was in possession of Leona (Waller) Bree.)

23 miles from PRINCETON

Dear Brother,

I Recd Your very welcome letter a few minutes ago and hasten to write an answer. It is the first that I have had from home for some time, a month at the shortest. I wrote a letter to father a day or two before we left Camp Warren stating that ten of our Company were going to take a Scout in place of its being a Scout we were sent to guard two prisioners to Sutton, Va. Who have since been hung. Perhaps You seen the account of it in the papers. We did not go any farther than Gauley Bridge. Our Regt. left the next day and we were ordered back. Met our Regt. the 3rd at Loop Creek Landing 6 miles below the Bridge. We camped over Sunday. Took up our Line of march Monday. Marched over Cotton Mountain. Distance 10 miles. Marched 10 miles the next day. Nothing of importance happened along the Rout. Camped at McCoys 15 miles from Beckley arrived at Beckley the next day. Rested Thursday. I sent a few lines to father by Jim Niranda Perhaps he has Recd them ere this. Here we heard that the 23rd and 30th Regts needed our help they having met a superior force near East River some sixty miles from Beckley. We started early the next morning (it being friday) Marched 26 miles Bivoucked for the night having left our tents behind. Started early for Princeton arrived there about 4 O'clock. And We felt pretty tired Having Marched 42 miles in less than two days. Our men were ordered to March all night but were too tired. The Colonel thought that we had it hard enough without Mooveing till Morning. Princeton has been a very pretty place, it is burned though now. The enemy burned it when our troops were advancing. Everything Shows how we were missrepresented to the citizens along the Rout. A number of farm houses had met with the same usuage. Some of the inhabitants had sense enough to stay at home. Most of those that did were well treated. We left camp Sunday morning the 11th about Eight O'clock arrived at the mouth of East River some time in the afternoon. Having marched 60 miles in three days. We found that our forces Had fell back to a strong position. Near a place called Stony Gap. Two or three days previous the 23rd Had taken possession of Pearisburg, the country seat of Giles Co. They got some 200 bshls of flour and a large amount of Bacon and whiskey. They were living upon the top shelf when the enemy came in one morning with a very strong force. Then they had to get up and skedadle to keep from being cut to pieces, but not until they had destroyed the captured flour, Bacon and (apple Brandy instead Of Whiskey). They only lost one man killed and four or five wounded in their retreat. As nearly all of the boys had gum Blankets they made quite comfortable quarters the same evening that we arrived and slept very sound notwithstand. Nothing but a mountain seperated us from the enemy. The next day we stayed about camp most of the time. Having no further orders. Gen. Cox with the Second Brigade was some distance behind. The next day Lieut. Col. Hines with some 20 men I being one of the number took a Scout to the top of Peters Mountain a high point of the Aleghany Range, it being the Mountain that seperated us from our Southern neighbors. We arrived there about 10 O'clock. We went with the intention of seeing the Rebel Camp and was not disappointed. Wecould see their Camp very distinctly with the naked eye. Ours was also visible from the same point. The mountain from the top was something in the shape of the roof of a house with a small foot path along the Highest part. The other boys as well as the Col. were intently looking at the Rebel Camp. I did not Like the Looks of the path, for foot prints could be distinguished very plain. So I thought I would follow it up as a bush-whacker Could shoot one of us and make his escape through the Bushes. I went about 3 paces then stopped to look. Sure enough I had not been looking in vain for along came a Regular secesh with his gun across his Shoulder. At the first sight I thought I would take him Prisioner But I hadn't had time to think before he saw me and was about bringing his gun to bear upon me. I thought that I wouldn't run the risk of being Pluged So I up and Blazed away. Just as the smoke was clearing away I saw him make a few Staggers and Break for Camp. I was glad that I didn't kill the fellow though I guess the ball came pretty close. Close enough for health at any rate. We started for Camp arrived in good time having marched about 8 miles. Nothing of importance Happened the next day. The morning of the 15th Col Hines Sent me and four others on another Scout. It was so cloudy that we could not see anything. Brother I would like to tell you all But we leave Camp and I haven't time. Excuse poor writing Our company is ordered to get ready as soon as possible With two days rations. Excuse poor writing. I remain your Brother as ever. Give my love to all the friends from your Brother Elijah. Write soon. So good Bye I will tell you all the rest of the news some other time. I never Had Better Health In my life than singe we left Camp Warren. My Love to Uncle Ethels family. I hope I will have time to finish the next letter that I write. Write Soon

To Jeff Beeman

June Sunday 8, 1862

(At time of transcription, the original letter was in possession of Leona (Waller) Bree.)


Dear Father,

I once more undertake to write you a letter in answer to Yours of the 20th. Which was duly Recd. We have been encamped here ever since the 18th of May. We left East River the 17. The Rebels having come in at Princeton some 18 miles in our Rear and By so doing placed our trains in a Rather unsafe position. So we were obliged to take the back track. The second brigade was not so far out as ours. They had the Enemy drove out from town By the time that the first Brigade arrived. We arrived at Princeton the Evening of the same day that we left East River, got our supper, remained concealed from The Enemy By a pine grove till after dark, when we were drawed up in line of Battle fronting the strongest position occupied By the enemy. With the intention of attacking them at daylight the Next morning. We layed down side by side as we stood in Ranks. Most of the boys Slept pretty sound having had a Fatiguing March through Mud and Rain. We were awakened up at 2 1/2 O'clock the next morning 18th. Our teams had been mooveing most all night and were nearly all past. Our Regt. fell behind the train. Some of the boys were disappointed when they found out that they were going to Retreat and not give the secesh a fight. But we have found out since that we got out of a pretty well constructed trap. We Marched 9 miles camped for the night. No seceah troubled us. I was upon Picket. The next day we marched 14 miles to the place where we are now camped. The Morning that we drove the enemy from Princeton we lost 75 men in killed, Wounded and taken Prisoners. It has rained most of the time for a week past till Yesterday. The Roads were getting quite mudy but they will soon be Passable for heavy loaded trains. This is a beautiful sunshiney day but Rather chilly in the shade. We are camped on the top of a mountain which is the coolest place that I have been at since I left home. There is some of the grandest scenery in this part of Virginia That I ever looked upon. We can see from a Point Back of our camp in almost every direction as far as the eye can Reach. The Mountains in the distance look like clouds. I still have very good health. Did You get the overcoat, comfort and Boots that I sent home. They were sent in Clements name and directed to you. Well Father our Array is still favored with success. I expect Richmond is taken by this time. We were payed off the other day. Somebody stole my revolver. I guess they wanted it worse than I did. Give my love to all of the folks. Uncle Ethels included.

May God Bless You all.
Good Bye
Write soon
from Your son as ever

June /62

Camp at flat top

Once more I undertake to write a letter in answer to your's of the 8th. We're still in camp. With hardly enough excitement to keep us from going to sleep. John Butler arrived here the 2nd Bringing with him your very welcome letter We have had another scout since I wrote to you last. We went to Princton and returned Distance 78 miles in too days and a half saw 7 of the enemys Cavalry fired upon them. One of them supposed to have been killed Our company was the only one from our Regt We have pretty near 100 men able for duty. Which is a great deal. Better than we could do last summer after we came to Virginia. All of the Regts in Coxes division are very healthy. Which is a pretty good proof of the salubrous climate. This is a beautiful morning cool enough for April a gentle breeze is waving the giant chestnut trees which surround our camp. Everything is pleasant and delightful. Which reminds me of the peaceful homes in Ohio that are not made desolate by the ravage of War like those of a more southern clime. I often wish that I was in some peaceful country where War was not known then I could treasure the River of life never to hear the ocean where it cries. That bright Heaven, shut out from my view by the intervenning billow of the turbulent waters. Well Brother I expect that you are awaiting the issue of the impending Battle near Richmond upon which Rests the destanies of the Rebellion. I sincerely hope our army will be victorious for we may Rest assured that Providence will give victory to whichever army that it pleases him. I am glad to hear that we have a good prospect for an abundant harvest. I hope you will have ample time to take care of it. Strawberries are Getting Ripe Here but the soldiers keep them pretty cleaned out. Well Jeff there is nothing of importance to write about. Enclosed you will find two dollars please buy me Loids map of the seat of war you can have it sent by mail It will not cost more than 30 or 40 cts. You can keep the ballance. do not go to any unnecessary trouble I guess you can get it in Morrow if you keep money Give my love to all of the folks Excuse poor writing. I am afraid you cannot read it I will try and do better next time. Write when convient and oblige your ever loving Brother Elijah

When you write again tell me all of the incidents just as if I was at home sitting by the fire no more at present good Bye

JULY 1st 1862

(At time of transcription, the original letter was in possession of Viola (Beeman) Waite.)


Dear Father

Your letter came to hand Yesterday. I was glad to hear from Home, but Sorry to hear that Ann was sick. I hope She will be well by the time this letter Reaches you. There has Nothing of importance happened Since I wrote to you last. We have news in Camp that our army is fighting before Richmond. I am glad to hear that our Barley is so good this Year. Prom what you say the Crops Must be better than they have been for a long time. This is a very pleasant Morning. The field band is Playing some good old Martial Music which fairly shakes the ground. Nothing is so animating as Music Made by fife and drum. Most all of the boys from our Neighborhood are well, Myself Encluded. There is no news of importance in Camp. I guess I have told you how the Country looks about here. Please Excuse me for not writing. Give my love to all of the folks. I Remain your Son as Ever hoping to see peace dawn upon our dark land once more.

May God Bless you all
Good Bye
Write Soon
My love to folks and friends.

Aug. 25, 1862

(At time of transcription, the original letter was in possession of Leona (Waller) Bree.)


Dear Father,

Our Regt. has at last arrived in Capitol. Having been 48 hours coming from Parkersburg some 400 miles. I guess we leave today for the scene of action. I am still in very good health. Gen. Seigle captured two Reble Regt. The 23rd. We have very pleasant weather.

I remain Your son as ever,

P. S. My love to all of the folks. I will answer Ann's letter when I have time.

SEPT. 4th 1862

(At time of transcription, the original letter was in possession of Mary E. (Beeman) Eastman.)


Dear Brother

Your very welcome Letter came to Hand a short Time ago, but This is the first Leasure that I have had, so I concluded to write you a few lines To let you Know That by The Blessing of a Kind Providence I am still in the land of the living, although our Regt Has been in a pretty severe battle since I wrote To you last, we lost near 100 men in killed wounded and missing (our Regt. alone) I wrote a letter to father while we were at Alexandera, I believe It was dated The 25th Aug. We stayed There all day, The 26th Prepared To leave in The Evening, we stayed up all Night but did not get off till 9 O'clock next morning got on board The cars (before we started we heard That a Raid of Rebbles some 4 or five Thousand Taken Possession of Manasas Fortifications) and started To Pope Thinking to clean out the seceshes. We went, Our force consisting of the 11th and Twelveth Ohio with four New Jersey Regts who had gone ahead an hour or two before. Our Train went within 5 miles of Manasas Junction came to a halt Then we got off, for we could Hear artilery very plain which told us without a doubt That Our advance were Engaging The Enemy and That they Had artilery. We marched about a mile Which Brought us very clost To the Rail Road Bridge That crosses Bulls Run. Here the fireing seamed To be comeing Nearer and Nearer, It was but a short Time till The New Jersey Brigad were in full Retreat. They came by us in a Regular stampead like a flock of sheep fleeing from woolves. Our Two Regts were drawn up in line of Battle our Colonel at our head who fought in The Mexican War, Telling our men To stand firm. As soon as The Panic Stricen ones had past we Took up our Position To fight The Persuing Enemy. Our Regt. was The one To do the fighting. The 11th wore Posted in The Rear To Guard a Road where The Enemy were Expected To come In at for The purpose of surrounding us in. Shortly they came over The Hill Yelling like demons. Our Regt Raised a shout, Poured in a voley, which made Many secesh Bite the dust and scattered Their Ranks. They tried it time and again but were met By a solid front and Driven back. We stood and fought Them for two or three hours. They soon out flanked us and brought us under a gross fire which was very severe. In a few minutes They were around us like a horse shoe, we were marching for the opening beneath a heavy fire. Just as we were Passing out They made a Rush to close. The Eleventh let drive sent them Back helter scelter and we marched out. We have since Licked Them. They have left Richmond our men gradualy falling Back and fighting them as they go. They following us up. Some of our generals will step in and say Mr. Secesh, Richmond Is ours.

Well Brother we got out safe That Is our ReGt but lost several men which I told you about before. There has been 7 distinct Engagements since The 27. We have got The Better of them 5 out of 7. That Is as well as we could Expect is it not? The General Impression among The soldiers is that The Rebels are doing Their utmost, This being their last chance, They have Just Brought Their last man into the field. They Know That when our last calls come They cannot stand against us but must be swept like chaff before The fire. The 7th Ind. Vol. came in the 1st. I was with Dave Holmes almost all day yesterday. He has been in command of His Co. for four or five weeks, all of the commissioned officers of The Co. are Either sick or wounded. Dave Has Marched so hard That he is almost as poor as father. We had a talk of Old times. He laughed about father calling him a Gray Haron (?) for stealing blue grapes. You had bettor believe That we Enjoyed a sociable chat.

Well Brother my Health is Bully. We are camped in sight of Washington. A part of our army are fighting Every day. We take it by turns. Everything is going to turn out Right yet. Give my love to all The folks. Especially to Ann. Write soon

Direct To
Elijah Beeman
Co. A 12 Regt O V's
Coxes Division
Washington, D. C.

I lost My Knapsack The other day containing a supply of Stamps and Envelopes. My Diary for all The time since I have been out soldiering. John's and Ann's Likenesses with other things That I wouldent have taken a good deal for. All The Boys That you are acquainted with are well.

Write soon good Bye
Your Brother as
Ever Lige

P. S. I have no Postage stamp I will have to send it without Paying.

Please write directly and direct to
Fredrick County
M. D.
Middletown, M. D.

Sep the 17th 1862

Dear Friends,

I suppose you have heard of the hard fighting that has been going on since Sunday morning last and I suppose are very anxious about me. I am sorry to tell you that I was wounded very severely on the first morning of the fight (Sunday) through the breast and lungs and I cannot tell how it may terminate for me. I think there are very poor hopes of my recovery, but if it is the Lord's will I may. And if I should die I am perfectly resigned to the will of my heavenly father. I feel no fears of death but put my trust in him who sees all things well and I wish you all to live to meet in heaven where we shall never more part. I was wourded about three miles from Middletown and brough(t) back here and am lying in the German Reformed church of this place which together with all the other churches and many houses has been turned into hospitals for the wounded. We are made as comfortable as can be expected and very kindly treated. The ladies of this place are doing all for us that they can to nourish us and make us comfortable. The lady who has been kind enough to write for me, has tried to do all she can for me. Do not my dear friends let my condition trouble and fret you. I your dear son and brother send my best love to my dear parents and my dear sister and all. My best love to Rachel Stubbs and tell her that if it should be the Lord's will that I should not get well to meet me in heaven and and you all.

From your affectionate son and brother
Elijah Beeman

NB Though I am a strange to you and you are strangers to me I thought that it might be a comfort to you to add a few lines to what I have written for your son. Ever since This hospital has been here I have been attending and trying to do what I could for them and at first became interested in this young man and I shall do all I can for him as long as he is here and would like very much to see him get well though he is perfectly resigned to the Lord's will.

Miss Lydia C. Haupt

Sunday Evening Sept 28th /62

(At time of transcription, the original letter was in possession of Leona (Waller) Bree.)

Camp Antietam Washington Co Md
On Banks of the Potomac 5 above Harper's Ferry

Dear friend Jefferson Beeman

It is a very unpleasant duty, yet as to myself cheerfully done, to inform you that your Brother Elijah is dead, he died several days ago from a wound received at the battle of South Mountain, he was taken to Middletown hospital, 4 miles West of Frederick, Md., and understand he has been burled at this place. But perhaps long ere this reaches you, you will have received from other sources the full particulars of his death. I have been with the Co. have had no opportunity to hear from him. I got a letter for him from you the other day. Several of us recognized the hand write, knew it to be yours, and we concluded to open it and read it. We did so.. I would have answered it sooner but have been quite unwell and had not heard anything positive then from him. I have heard today from unreliable sources that your father was in Middleton and would start home with Elijah's remains tomorrow. I would like very much to see him, but hardly think he will come to our Co., as we are some 15 miles from him. Many of killed are being removed to their final interrment by their friend procuring metallic coffins. Permit me to say through no flattery that I never saw a person I could place more confidence in as a friend than Elijah Beeman, then I can fully sympathize with you in your loss. You have lost a brother, and I a true friend. No one was more esteemed and loved in the Co. than he. They all knew him but to love him, and I can assure you he died having the good will of every one in the Co. One who was brave and generous, always at his post, willing to do without a murmmer whatever fell to his lot. No one will be missed more in the Co. than he. Since he joined this Co. he has become a Christian, and shew this to his fellow soldiers both by precept and example. No one ever doubted that he was not fully converted, and as the boys were coming in off the field he said "good bye boys, I expect I shall die but I am ready". Thus his life is a sacrifice for his country he has given it willingly. God grant we may make his life an Exemplary one for us to follow. I suppose I could give you some idea of how he stands in financial matters. About five months are due him from the Co. We have been mustered for 4 months. The Co. books have been left behind - cannot tell how he stands with the government but think his clothing bill will not exceed $15.00. He owes S. W. Bassett Sutter $10.50 and perhaps, he has loaned and borrowed from several in the Co. I should think $26.00 would meet his full expenditure here. He may have had some Sutter checks on his person, but they will be carefully taken care of by the orderlies of the Hospital. Our Co. officers will make out a full discriptive list and send it to your father so he can get the money of any U. S. Paymaster. And any information I can give you of his business will be done cheerfully.

I remain yours most obediently,
Jas Irelend

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